How Many Solar Panels Does It Take To Run A Water Pump
A 1HP water pump is equivalent to 746 watts electrical. The actual watts it uses when running will depend on the load.
Normally, pumps are designed to run a little below their power rating, so I would expect such a pump to run comfortably at 500 watts.
So could you use 500 watts of solar panel to power it? Maybe, maybe not!
Pumps experience increased load when starting, call inrush or surge current, which can be several times more than its running current.
You could use 600 or 700 watts solar for a 1HP pump if you also used a battery to act as an energy storage reservoir to supply the extra current.
If not battery was going to be used, then it would be wise to use 1000 to 1200 watts of solar panels to make sure they can supply the pump motor surge current.
How Net Metering Works
Let us assume that you are gone in a vacation with your family. The solar system still generates energy when youre gone but since you are not using it, its being automatically sent back to the grid and you get credits for it. As a result, your electricity bill will decrease according to how many credits you have.
Knowing the answers to the above questions will give you a good understanding of the number of panels needed to achieve your daily energy production goals and will allow to calculate in a realistic range solar panels needed for your home.
How Much Roof Space Is Needed For Solar Panels
The average solar installation will require between 335 and 405 square feet of roof space. To find out how much roof space your solar system needs, just multiply the number of panels you need by 17.55 square feet, which is the area of most residential solar panels sold today.
If you have limited roof space, you may need to get high-efficiency panels, or panels with a higher power output so you can install fewer panels while still covering your energy needs.
What Solar Incentives Or Solar Rebates Are Available
There are many different tax incentives, subsidies and financing and billing solutions at the state and local levels that can make going solar more affordable. To see if you might be eligible for renewable energy incentive programs, visit the Database of State Incentives for Renewables & Efficiency .
If you purchase your solar system, you may qualify for the 26% federal tax credit .* The full solar ITC is available to home solar owners through 2022. It drops to a 22% credit in 2023 and is scheduled to go away completely in 2024, so dont put off buying solar for too long.
What Are The Most Efficient Solar Panels
Remember that the adage, You get what you pay for, applies to home solar technology. Not all solar systems are alike. The quality of the technology matters in the long run. The durability, reliability and efficiency of solar panels can vary widely by manufacturer. If you settle for a conventional home solar system that might cost less out-of-pocket, you can expect to see average results and less savings over time. Watch these videos about the lifespan of SunPower® solar panels and their durability and reliability.
In short, SunPower panels are the most efficient home solar panels you can buy.* A higher quality panel like SunPowers might cost a little more upfront, but youll see a higherand quickerreturn on your investment in the long run. Our panels come with a 25-year Complete Confidence warranty and have an expected useful life of 40 years.* And since theyre more efficient than other panels on the market, youll need fewer of them on your roof. Our panels produce up to 55% more energy in the same space over 25-years than conventional panels,* ultimately saving you more money on your electric bill.
Industry measurements such as the Fraunhofer Center for Sustainable Energy Systems PV Durability Initiative can give you a better idea of a solar panels expected lifespana factor that can have a tremendous impact on the systems lifetime value.
You May Like: How Much Does It Cost To Solar Power Your Home
How Many Solar Panels Do I Need To Power My House
We estimate that a typical home needs between 20 and 25 solar panels to cover 100 percent of its electricity usage. The actual number youll need to install depends on factors including geographic location, panel efficiency, panel rated power, and your personal energy consumption habits. Importantly, the number of solar panels you need for your home directly impacts the price you pay for solar.
How Do Solar Panels Work
When photons hit a solar cell, they knock electrons loose from their atoms. If conductors are attached to the positive and negative sides of a cell, it forms an electrical circuit. When electrons flow through such a circuit, they generate electricity. Multiple cells make up a solar panel, and multiple panels can be wired together to form a solar array. The more panels you can deploy, the more energy you can expect to generate.
Factor #2 How Much Roof Space Is There And Which Way Are The Roofs Facing
Since the U.S.A. is in the northern hemisphere, the sun is in our southern sky most of the year, which means roofs that face south would get the most sunlight and therefore produce the most energy.
The same solar panel will produce different amounts of energy depending on which way its facing and the tilt of the roof or mount.
South-facing roofs are best, followed by southwest, west, southeast, and east. Its not recommended to install solar panels facing more than 10 degrees north of west or east. The northern sky will usually not produce very cost-effective energy from even the most efficient solar panels. We do NOT recommend putting solar panels on northern-facing roofs facing from azimuths 285 to 80.
Most of the time, there is enough roof space for all the solar panels you need.
Sometimes the roof dictate how many solar panels you can have because of limited space. Usually, its still enough space to let solar wipe out the top and middle-cost tiers of your electric utility bill.
Occasionally, your roof prevents any solar panels from being installed at all, or theres not enough space to make it worth going solar. This usually happens when there are several small roofs with multiple angles and azimuths that are designed as such for architectural aesthetics.
How Do I Calculate How Many Solar Panels I Need
Don’t Miss: Do You Need A Generator If You Have Solar Panels
This Post Has 3 Comments
Hi,i loved your explanation of solar system it was very well explained, but on a personal note can I discuss with you via email i need more advice on this subject.
This article was very helpful. Thank you very much!In this you have covered on grid and off grid only. I am looking for a mix of these, where I want a solar battery backup during power outage, and the excess generated is sent/exported to the grid. Do we have a possibility of this one?
Thats pretty nice description. Now, I have a house that is yet to be constructed and I dont know my average electricity consumption but I know that I will be running 3-4 fans, for almost all the time in summer, 8 20 watt tube lights for about 4 hrs, 1 geyser for about 2 hr in winters and some 3-4 10-12 watt LED bulbs in lawn for about 3 hrs all through the year. ACs wont be there. And add a 50 inch TV running for say 8 hrs a day apart from charging my laptops, phones etc. how many solar panels I will need with no dependency on government supply?
How Many Solar Panels Will I Need
If the electric furnace uses 1.5 kW of power per hour, you will have to use enough solar panels to provide at least as much power.5 x 300-watt solar panels will give you 1500-watts, and 4×400-watt will give you 1600-watts.
This will work well in summer when you have plenty of sunshine, but electric furnaces are used in winter to produce heat. Then we do not have as much sunshine and the sunshine that there is lesser intensity.
You will also have days of autonomy where the solar panels will have no output, and you will have to rely solely on battery power for the electric furnace.
On days where sunshine, 5 x 300-watt solar panels will produce less than half their rated output on average in wintertime. This gives you 500 to 700 watts, which will not be sufficient to power the electric furnace.
You will thus need double the amount of solar panels you think to run a 1.5kw electric furnace.
You will need 10 x 300-watt solar panels. This will provide you with the capacity you will need. By using extra panels in summer, you will have some extra power that can be used to power other appliances as well.
In wintertime, you will just about manage by using the 10 x solar panels.
You May Like: How Much Does A Whole House Solar System Cost
How Long Do Solar Panels Last
Solar panel manufacturers generally provide warranties for between 25 to 30 years for their fixed rigid panels.
Power output is guaranteed of around 90% is guaranteed after the warranty life
However, solar panels can go on generating electricity for up to 50 or 60 years, with progressively less output as the years pass by.
How Does A Solar Panel System Work
Here’s an example of how a home solar energy installation works. First, sunlight hits a solar panel on the roof. The panels convert the energy to DC current, which flows to an inverter. The inverter converts the electricity from DC to AC, which you can then use to power your home. It’s beautifully simple and clean, and it’s getting more efficient and affordable all the time.
However, what happens if you’re not home to use the electricity your solar panels are generating every sunny day? And what happens at night when your solar system is not generating power in real-time? Don’t worry, you may still benefit through a system called “net metering.”*
A typical grid-tied PV system, during peak daylight hours, frequently produces more energy than one customer needs, so that excess energy is fed back into the grid for use elsewhere. The customer who is eligible for net metering may receive credits for the excess energy produced and can use those credits to draw from the grid at night or on cloudy days. A net meter records the energy sent compared to the energy received from the grid. Read our article on net metering and how it works.
Don’t Miss: Do Solar Panels Work In The Rain
How Does My Home Size Affect The Amount Of Solar Panels I Need
While solar panel dimensions have more or less remained steady over the past several years, the power output with the same area has dramatically increased. In fact, many manufacturers like SunPower have reduced the size of gaps between panels and use invisible framing and mounting hardware to keep the panels tight, efficient, and aesthetically pleasing. Check out the table below for a ballpark estimate of how many solar panels your home would need based on its square footage.
How many solar panels can I fit on my roof based on my homes square footage?
How Much Battery Storage Do I Need
Take the Total Watt Hours from Step One, for example, 3000Wh. This is your one-day storage requirement but this leaves little room for variations in use and supply. One days storage is your bare minimum power. The recommendation for off-grid use is to multiply this bare minimum times three for 3 days Wh of storage needed.
3000Wh3000Wh x 3 = 9000Wh
This gives you the range of Wh of storage that you will need.
Batteries are usually purchased in Ah. We are basing all our calculations on 12V batteries. You will need to adjust the math if the batteries are a different Voltage
Take the Wh and divide by 12V for the amount of usable storage power in Ah that you will need.
3000Wh/12V = 250Ah
- Space for storage of batteries
- Ability to recharge your batteries from solar and likelihood of bad weather
- Ability to recharge your batteries from a fuel generator, if needed
- Type of battery chemistry, lead acid cannot be depleted more than 50% but carbon foam and silicon dioxide can be depleted to 100%. You will need fewer days of reserve power if you are able to access the full power of the battery bank if needed.
- Ability to adjust consumption if solar conditions are not good
- Number of days you will need power before recharging from shore power
Solutions:If you need 250Ah of available power at minimum, then that would look like this:
- 500Ah of lead acid batteries, can only use 50%
- 350-500Ah of carbon foam batteries
- 350-500Ah of silicon dioxide batteries
- 350-500Ah of li-ion batteries
Don’t Miss: How Much Is A 4kw Solar System
Table Average House Size In Square Feet 10 Us States Compared
Historical values for irradiance can be found for your location on sites like GlobalSolarAtlas.info. The average irradiance value for the USA is 5.322 kWh/m2/day, so Ill use that value of peak-sun-hours for our calculation.
How many solar panels how much solar do I need to power an average house in the USA?
Using average US values, you can find the theroretical solar power output by dividing the daily kWh by the irradiance value in daily peak-sun-hours:
Solar power required = 30000 watt-hours/5.3 peak-sun-hours = 5660 watts
If 300 watt solar panels were used, the number of solar panels for the average US house would be:
5660 watts / 300 watts = 18.86 solar panels
However, all solar PV systems have losses of about 23%. This can be taken into account my multiplying the solar power required by 1.4:
Adjusted solar output = 5660 x 1.4 = 7924 watts
Using 300 watt solar panels, the actual number of solar panels needed would be:
7924 watts / 300 watts = 26 solar panels
How Much Roof Space Do You Need For A Home Solar System
After you estimate how many solar panels power a house, the next step is calculating the roof area needed for their installation. The exact dimensions may change slightly depending on the manufacturer, but a typical solar panel for residential use measures 65 inches by 39 inches, or 17.6 square feet. You will need 528 square feet of roof space to install 30 panels, and 704 square feet to install 40.
In addition to having the required space for solar panels, you’ll also need a roof structure that supports their weight. A home solar panel weighs around 20 kilograms , which means that 30 of them will add around 600 kilograms to your roof.
You will notice that some solar panels are described as residential, while others are described as commercial. Residential panels have 60 individual solar cells, while commercial panels have 72 cells, but both types will work in any building. Here are a few key differences:
- Commercial solar panels produce around 20% more energy, thanks to their extra cells.
- Commercial panels are also more expensive, as well as 20% larger and heavier.
- Residential 60-cell solar panels are easier to handle in home installations, which saves on labor, and their smaller size helps when roof dimensions are limited.
Some of the latest solar panel designs have half-cells with a higher efficiency, which means they have 120 cells instead of 60 . However, this doesn’t change the dimensions of the panels.
Recommended Reading: Can You Use Pine Sol On Stainless Steel
How Does Weather Affect Solar Energy
Weather conditions can impact the amount of electricity a solar system produces, but not exactly in the way you might think.
Perfect conditions for producing solar energy include a clear sunny day, of course. But like most electronics, solar panels are actually more efficient in cold weather than warm weather. This allows the panel to produce more electricity in the same amount of time. As the temperature rises, the panel generates less voltage and produces less electricity.
But even though solar panels are more efficient in cold weather, they don’t necessarily produce more electricity in the winter than in summer. Sunnier weather often occurs in the warmer summer months. In addition to fewer clouds, the sun is usually out for more of the day. So even though your panels may be less efficient in warm weather, they’ll still likely produce more electricity in summer than in winter.