Tuesday, January 24, 2023

How To Charge Ev With Solar Panels

Charging Times And Dc Fast Chargers

Charging an EV Straight from Solar Panels

If charging speed is important to you, DC fast chargers may be an option. A standard 7.6 kW charger can charge a 16 kWh battery in about two hours and a 90 kWh battery in ten to 12 hours. However, a 50 kW DC fast charger can charge a 16 kWh battery in just 20 minutes and a 90 kWh battery in under two hours.

While those charging speeds sound attractive, they come at a high price. A DC fast charger can costs upwards of $60,000.

Lightyear One And Sono Motors

Lightyear One is a startup based in The Netherlands. Its car will seat 5, drive 450 miles on a fully charged battery, go from 0 to 60 in 10 seconds, and with built-in solar panels gain 7.5 miles of range per hour on a sunny day. Hereâs what it looks like:

If you look closely, you can see thereâs no rear window. Instead, the area where the rear window would be is taken up by solar panels. Thereâs also solar panels on the roof and hood of the vehicle. The specs donât state how much power they generate, but I would guess that the car probably generates in the neighborhood of one kilowatt from its solar panels in bright sunlight.

Sono Motors is the other company thatâs attempting to bring a solar car to market. Based in Germany, the approach Sono is to develop a more conventional-looking vehicle that has proportions similar to a Smart car and other micro cars.

The vehicle is called the Sion. It will seat 5, have 155 miles of range, hit a top speed of 87 mph, and packs a 35 kWh battery.

As you can see, the Sion does have a small rear window, unlike the Lightyear One. Every available surface is covered with solar panels, including the roof, hood, rear hatch, and doors. Sono says that altogether the vehicle has 1.2 kW of monocrystalline solar panels that will add 21 miles of range per day in sunny weather.

Prototypes taking pre-orders now

The Cons Of Solar Charging

  • Initial Costs. The cost of purchasing an electric vehicle and installing solar panels to charge it, won’t be affordable to everyone. However, with New Government schemes such as the OLEV Grant being introduced yearly, and there also being affordable Solar Finance options, the stretch still may be possible for some.
  • Reliability. To charge your car from Solar Energy, will rely on you generating enough surplus energy to do so. It is important that your Solar PV System is designed taking into consideration charging an EV. Get in touch with the design team here at Deege Solar, to make sure your Solar Panel System matches your energy requirements.

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How Many Solar Panels Do I Need To Charge My Tesla

Thereâs two ways of looking at this question:

  • You want to offset your electricity usage with solar power.
  • You want to charge your electric car in real-time with solar power, and never draw electricity from the grid.

The first option is a lot easier to achieve and, to be honest, is really the only one that makes sense for the homeowner as youâll see from the calculations below. But if youâre hardcore, or just curious about what it would take to only ever charge your car off the grid, Iâll also look at the math behind going with option two.

Charging Your Car Only With Solar Electricity

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A lot of people who have an electric car and solar panels want to charge their cars using as much solar electricity as possible, rather than grid power. Itâs understandable: after all, anyone who has solar panels and an electric car probably cares a lot about the environmental benefits of renewable energy.

But, as youâll read next, it doesnât matter much either from an economic or environmental point of view whether your car is charged directly by your panels. Instead, your charging schedule should depend on whether you have net metering and a time-of-use plan with your utility.

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The Solution: Get Solar With An Ev Charging Inverter

Luckily SolarMax Technology has the perfect solution the electric vehicle charging inverter. When you get solar panels installed on your home, one of the main pieces of equipment that converts DC energy into the AC energy that your home uses, is the inverter.

Save time, money and hassleWhen you buy a solar energy system for your home from SolarMax, you can choose an inverter with integrated EV charger. This saves you the cost of buying a separate Level 2 EV charger, finding and hiring a licensed electrician, and the required installation materials. This can be a savings of at least $1,600.

In addition, all your solar installation costs can be claimed in your 30% federal tax credit.

Solar Boost Mode = Even faster chargingAn EV charging inverter from SolarMax can provide even faster charging during the day when your solar panels are producing electricity. This solar boost mode can increase standard Level 2 charging rates up to 25%.

How Many Solar Panels To Charge An Electric Car

First things first: dont put off going solar just because you might want to get a bigger system in the future. If you wait to install solar, you could miss out on state and local financial incentives plus, youll have to continue paying for electricity from your utility every month. By sizing your solar energy system for future usage and ensuring your system is add-on friendly, its easy to find an option that generates enough electricity to power your home today and can charge your electric car in the future. Heres how to do it:

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Can You Charge An Electric Car With A Portable Solar Panel

Yes. You can charge an electric car with a portable solar panel. The modern solar panel provides enough energy supply to power up the car batteries. As you charge your batteries to use home appliances, the portable solar panel can produce needed electricity. A solar panel array with only ten solar panels generates sufficient charge to the batteries.

Option : Only Charge Your Electric Car With Solar Power

Solar Off-Grid EV Charging

If you charge using a regular household outlet, also known as level 1 charging, you will draw about 1,500 watts.

On the other hand, if youâve installed a level 2 charger on a 240v circuit, the power draw will be a lot higher. The exact amount of electricity depends both on the size of the charger onboard your car and the capacity of your level 2 charger.

The table below lists the onboard charger specifications for a few popular electric vehicles, the size of their onboard charger, and the solar panel wattage required to fully meet the demand of that charger, with the assumtion that the panels will generate a maximum of 75% of their nameplate efficiency:

Vehicle
77

Youâre going to need a lot of solar panels

You could also use a household solar battery, but…

If you read the section titled Option 1, youâll know that the average American drives about 14,000 miles a year. If you do the math in Option 1, for a Tesla Model 3, that equals about 13 kWh of power per day, which just so happens to be the capacity of a Tesla Powerwall.

But that will completely drain your Powerwall every day, leaving no spare battery capacity if you want to use it for the rest of your home. So youâll need two Powerwalls, which will cost $14,100 according to Tesla.

Donât bother with off-grid electric charging

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How To Use Solar Panels To Charge Your Electric Vehicle

If you have solar panels on the roof of your home, or are thinking of installing them, its important to note that they cannot actually store electricity. This means that whatever they generate has to be used immediately either to power devices in your home or sold back to the grid. This power can also be stored in a solar battery, which is a device offered by a number of providers including e.on, EDF, Moixa and Tesla.

The benefit of a battery system is that any excess energy from your solar panels can be stored and used to power your home or electric car when the panels aren’t producing charge overnight. Otherwise, your solar panels will only be able to charge your electric car during the day.

To efficiently charge an electric vehicle using solar panels, you will also have to install a home charging unit and a PV inverter unit that converts the solar energy into DC current for the vehicle. There are several of these systems available for purchase already, some of which combine both of these elements in one box. However, there’s no standalone solar-powered charging system available rather, it must be integrated with the rest of your domestic power supply system.

Savings Compared To Gasoline

Compare that to one of the most efficient gas-powered vehicles, the 2021 Mazda MX-5 Miata , which has an MSRP of $26,830 and costs $1,900 a year to fuel. The average annual maintenance cost of a gas-powered car, again according to Consumer Reports, is $0.06 per mile, so the lifetime cost for vehicle, maintenance, and fuel for a Mazda MX-5 Miata is $56,851.

But remember that your solar system provides energy for both an EV and your house, so the savings continue. The average household uses 11,000 kWh/year and the average cost of grid electricity in the United States is $0.14 per kWh, so the average American household spends $1,540 per year on electricity, or $17,864 during the 11.6-year lifetime of a vehicle. The total lifetime cost for a Mazda MX-5 Miata plus residential electricity is $74,715, while the lifetime cost for a Nissan Leaf with rooftop solar is $48,400, and $59,882 for solar-plus-storage.

Depending on how much you drive, the vehicle you drive, where you live, the size of your solar system, how much energy your house uses, and perhaps a dozen other factors, the estimated lifetime savings of a solar system plus electric vehicle are between $14,833 and $26,315. That means that when your Nissan Leaf reaches the end of its lifetime, you’ve already saved enough money to pay for your next electric vehicle. Or do the math with a more expensive EV and you’re likely to still come out ahead.

Driving on Gasoline vs. Driving on Sunshine
Mazda MX-5

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Can You Charge A Tesla Vehicle With A Portable Solar Panel

Technically it is possible to charge your Tesla car using the portable solar panel. However, you need to understand that the portable solar panel is not very efficient in generating energy. It may be useful to charge small appliances or power your home.

Still, when charging a large-size battery pack, you would require several portable solar panels combined to produce approx 75 kWh energy.

In a rough calculation, if we consider one portable solar panel is capable of producing the 1 kWh energy per day, then you would require around 75 portable solar panels to charge the Tesla car batteries every day from 0% to 75%.

The whole solar panel system would require considerable space for installation, efficient management, and added maintenance cost, making the Portable solar panel an efficient method to charge your car batteries.

On the positive side, if you have solar panels on your roof that generate electricity every day and store it in the backup batteries, you can use them to charge your batteries on some occasions.

You may not be consuming much battery power than what your solar panel generates every day. In this case, powering your Tesla model using the portable solar panel may work.

In essence, charging car batteries is entirely depending on how much energy you are generating every day from your portable solar panel system.

If you have a large size setup where the energy generation is not a big problem, you can charge any batteries and fulfill your need.

The Pros Of Using Solar Panels To Charge Your Ev

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  • Drive Off Sunshine. Although Electric cars are more eco-friendly in comparison to petrol or diesel, by charging your car off of solar energy you’ll be driving more greener than ever. Cutting down on your carbon footprint.
  • Savings. Electricity, although cheaper than traditional fuels, is still an expense that when installing an EV Charger is added to your every day electricity bill. By installing Solar Panels and charging your car from the surplus energy, you will be effectively charging your car for free. What’s more, through apps such as Co Charger, you can rent out your Solar EV Charger to other drivers, and earn money too!
  • Convienant Charging. There is no disputing that charging your car, whilst you sit at home with a cup of tea is the most convienant stress free way to charge.
  • Flexibility. With most Solar EV Chargers you can choose whether you want to charge directly from the National Grid or from your Solar PV. You can also prioritise your battery storage or immersion diverter instead.
  • Property Value. With around 213,000 electric vehicles now registered in the UK, according to SMMT, adding a charging point to your home is a desirable addition to any EV owner looking to move properties. And even more so with the added benefit of free solar charging.

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How Do You Use Solar Panels To Charge An Electric Car

Now that weâve established that the practical way to charge an EV with solar electricity is with panels on your home and not your car, letâs do a super quick overview of how a home photovoltaic system works.

On your roof you have racks that your solar panels are fixed to. Wiring on the back of the solar panels connect to inverters that turn the DC power from your panels into AC power that your home uses. Those inverters send AC power into your home where it gets used by your coffee maker, TV, lights, and all your other appliances.

If your panels generate more electricity than you use, the excess gets dumped into the grid, where it gets used by your neighbors.

Get Free Solar Installation Quotes

If you’re interested in a solar PV system to charge your electric car then make the best possible start by getting free quotes from up to 3 MCS certified installers in your area.

All you have to do is take a few moments to complete our simple online form and you’ll soon be contacted by local solar panel installers getting in touch to provide their no-obligation quote.

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Solar Panel And Ev Charging System

Modern solar panel technology is become more advance and efficient in producing clean energy. The combination of the Solar panel and EV charging system would make the power generation cost-effective.

You will always have the alternative at your home that would give you an efficient way to power your home and the car.

The good thing about the solar panel is they generate energy on a cloudy day as well. Once installed, the solar panel able to generate power throughout the day.

You can also have the battery backup setup in the backyard, which will store the energy during the day and use it at night when the consumption is high.

You will able to save a good amount of money on electricity bills.

How Much Does An Ev Charge Point Cost

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Most people buying a home charging point opt for a wall-mounted device, which range from around £300 for a basic model, to about £800 for a high-end charge point. Freestanding charge points, on the other hand, are a bit pricier typically costing from £1,000 to over £2,000.

Unfortunately, not every household will be able to afford this. This is why the government has released theElectric Vehicle Homecharge Scheme, where you can get £350 off the cost of a home charging point.

Installation costs vary, but tend to cost at least £400.

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Electric Vehicle Battery Technology

Types of EV batteries

The number and types of batteries available makes a long list indeed, all with different chemical compositions, usage and design.

Out of that list lithium ion batteries currently power the All Electric Vehicles or AEVs. The lithium ion batteries are again split into various types depending on their mineral components.

The chemical symbols are used as identifiers, like Lithium Manganese and Lithium Nickel Cobalt Aluminium Oxide batteries which are currently the best rechargeable batteries in use in AEVs today.

Nickel Metal Hydride batteries are used in hybrid electric vehicles or HEVs because of their performance but are not very good if used as rechargeable battery in AEVs because of high cost and high self discharge.

Lead acid batteries and Ultracapacitors are also used in EVs to take care of electrical load other than the main drive train of the vehicle they do so in a very efficient and cost effective manner. Ultracapacitors also help in additional power boost to the vehicle, if designed to do so.

How To Charge An Electric Car At Home

Electric cars can actually be charged using a standard 3 pin plug but this isn’t recommended. For a faster charge, you should have a home-charging point installed which is much more efficient:

  • 3 pin plug: 12-15 hours
  • Home-charging point: 4-8 hours

It’s worth noting that letting your EV run down to empty before charging it isn’t the best idea and cause the battery to decay faster, meaning its ability to hold a charge will reduce over time).

Public charging points are also becoming more common, appearing in car parks and motorway service stations. These charging points are normally ‘rapid chargers’ and can provide 60-200 miles of range in a short 30 minute period. However, frequent use of these rapid chargers can cause the battery to degrade at a much faster rate.

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