Benefits And Disadvantages Of Solar Energy Cars
Looking at how the level of technology is improving every day, most inventors are doing their best to come up with the best inventions that will wow the world.
When solar-powered cars were first introduced to the world, they let to significant relief to many consumers, especially those that were buying readily available gas-electric hybrid vehicles.
The level at which solar-powered car works, makes them a better and attractive option, especially for those looking for more ecologically friendly personal transportation.
Therefore, the researchers are continuing to develop affordable, reliable solar-powered vehicles.
Even though solar-powered vehicles, for example, solar boats are widespread and available commercially, they have not become transportation devices yet.
Therefore, such vehicles are mostly manufactured for the main reason for racing competitions and doing engineering exercises, and often, theyre sponsored by government agencies.
Basically, a solar-powered car works on the same principle as a house that is powered by solar panels.
The solar panels have photovoltaic cells that are made of semiconductors to help to convert sunlight into electricity that is used to power the electric motor.
Some types of solar-powered cars convert the electricity directly to an electric motor while others, usually use the obtained power to help in fueling the battery that runs the engine.
Plug In Kick Back Relax
As we’ve already mentioned, the Ioniq 5 will be available with two battery sizes and two drivetrains: AWD and RWD .
There’s the standard 58 kWh battery offering up to 200km / 125 miles of range, and the 72.6 kWh long-range battery, which can provide up to 500km / 310 miles on a single charge.
The 800v battery supports superfast charging too, with the Ioniq 5 able to reclaim 100km of range in just five minutes when plugged into a 350kW charger, while 10% to 80% happens in just 18 minutes.
Unfortunately, 350kW chargers aren’t all that widespread at the moment, but a 50kW charger will be able to take you from 10% to 80% in an hour and the Ioniq 5 wants to make sure it’s a welcoming place to be while you charge.
In the cabin, those in the front really can kick back and relax with reclining ‘Zero Gravity’ seats offering ample legroom and additional leg support designed to make you more comfortable while you wait.
There’s plenty of tech inside too, with two 12.25-inch screens sitting on the dash. One is located behind the wheel and acts as a digital instrument cluster for the driver, while the other sits atop the center console and provides access to infotainment, navigation and more.
The Hyundai Ioniq 5 will be available from Spring 2021 , with the car landing in the UK in mid-2021, although pricing for this mid-size CUV is yet to be revealed outside of the special edition ‘Project 45’ Ioniq 5 which costs £45,000 .
The Solar Panel Uses A Lot Of Space
If you want to generate a lot of power from the sunlight, then it means that you will need to have more solar panels to collect as much sunlight as possible.
The solar PV panels require much space, and therefore, the top roof could not be big enough to fit the number of panels needed.
Now, if you do not have that enough space that is required to fit the high number of panels, then you will opt for fewer panels.
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Benefits Of Solar Powered Cars
Solar cars have some key benefits. Their solar panels work silently so they dont add to the noise pollution already on the road. Solar panels dont create greenhouse gases, as gasoline engines do. Most importantly, solar energy is free, widely available, and grants the solar car driver complete independence from foreign oil.
List Of Currently Available Electric Cars In 2019
The great thing is that there is an ever-expanding selection of excellent electric cars available in 2019, and even more coming in 2020.
Subpar electric âcomplianceâ cars have been available for a few years now. A compliance car is one that is primarily made to meet the California Air Resource Board mandate that manufacturers must sell a minimum number of zero emission vehicles. Compliance cars are electric vehicles that are built upon an existing car platform, which means that electric components such as batteries need to be crammed into a chassis that isnât designed for it. An example of this is the Ford Focus Electric, which used most of the trunk space for batteries but still managed a range of only 76 miles.
Fortunately, after a few years of design work, manufacturers are finally starting to release cars that have been designed ground-up to be electric. For example, Volkswagenâs MEB platform is the underpinning of four VW electric vehicles that will be released by 2022, as well as other vehicles from VW subsidiaries Audi, Skoda, and SEAT.
Below is a partial list of electric vehicles and plugin hybrids that are available now. Note: some highly anticipated electric vehicles can still only be pre-ordered, or have very limited availability. Those cars, such as the Audi e-tron, arenât listed.
- BMW i3
- VW e-Golf
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Impressive Electric Vehicle: The Lightyear One
In conversation with Interesting Engineering, Lightyear’s CEO Lex Hoefsloot said that they’ve already conducted 20 durability tests on the Lightyear One, implying that it is ready to hit the road. Months of charge in one go means user freedom of unparalleled levels.
The model in question reportedly consumed only 83 Wh/km, which is thrice as less as the consumption of other electric vehicles currently available in the market.
Equipped with solar panels on its roof, the Lightyear One can charge at an impressive rate of 12 kilometres per hour.
Solar Power Is A Natural Complement To An Electric Car This Guide Will Explain How It Actually Works And How To Maximize The Value Of Your Home Solar System
If you own an electric car, or are thinking of getting one, a home solar photovoltaic system is a great pairing. Not only can your home and commute be emissions-free, but you can generate the âfuelâ for your vehicle from your own rooftop. If energy independence and green energy are things you care about, this is a really attractive prospect.
This guide explains the details of how this system works, and answers some common questions that people have.
Before you continue, you should understand some basics about solar power for your home. I recommend taking a look at our guide to solar power, especially the section on how net metering works.
All good? Okay, read on!
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Sorry But Solar Cars Will Always Remain A Romantic Sci
Toyota engineers will be nervously checking the weather forecast at the end of the month, as the company begins trials its latest solar-powered Prius in Japan. Solar panels have been available on production models of the plug-in hybrid car since 2010, but this experimental model developed in conjunction with Sharp and NEDO is a leap forward. Its the first iteration of the technology that lets the cars battery charge while on the move, rather than just when parked in a sunny spot.
Toyota isn’t the only one. In June, Lightyear One unveiled a prototype of its solar-equipped electric car and began taking pre-orders on a limited run of the vehicles for 120,000 each, with delivery in 2021. But this doesnt mean an end for trips to the petrol pumps or charging stations. Despite their promise, solar panels are unlikely to ever provide enough energy on their own to power anything but the shortest, sunniest trips.
The first solar-powered Prius produced 180 watts of electrical power per hour with 22.5 per cent conversion efficiency from the solar panels to the battery cell, for a range of 6.1km after a day of charging. It contributed nothing to moving the car, and simply powered internal systems such as cooling.
The demo car for the new edition promises 860W at 34 per cent efficiency, with Toyota claiming 44.5km on a full charge and 56.3km if it’s recharging while driving. But that doesn’t mean the car can run forever so long as it’s sunny.
Sion From Sono Motors Gmbh
Another exciting development in the world of solar powered cars is Sion, an all-electric hybrid car from the German startup company, Sono Motors GmbH. The car would have the traditional electric plug-in, coupled with solar energy from the solar cells on top of the car roof. The panels would be introduced into the chassis of the roof.
The Sion car would be able to offer car users juice that last up to 250km, at a range of 140km/h. The manufacture of the Sion cars will begin in 2020, and it is expected to hit the market by 2021.
What is even more interesting about the Sono car is that it is being developed by a startup that is usually crowdfunded however, it has a manufacturing deal with Swedish car makers, NEVS.
The word is out already and reactions to the Sion model have been nothing short of great. A reported 10,000 preorders have been made, and it is showing no sign of stopping.
It would be interesting to see which model users will go for between the previously mentioned Lightyear One and this. At the end of the day, it is a great development for the solar car industry.
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A Car That Charges Itself
German startup Sono Motors that has created Sion, the worlds first prototype electric car with solar recharging, which is also able to become a mobile power storage device giving back power when necessary. At a net entry price of 21,500, Sion can recharge itself automatically using energy from the sun and in doing so generates an additional range of 5,800 km on average per year. This is of course dependent on weather conditions.
Cleaning The Electricity Grid
David Kuchta / Treehugger
Yet the extent of the benefits of an electric vehicle depends on factors beyond the vehicle’s control: the energy source of the electricity that fuels it. Because EVs run on standard grid electricity, their emissions level depends on how clean the electricity is going into their batteries. As the electricity grid gets cleaner, the cleanliness gap between EVs and ICE vehicles will grow only wider.
In China, for example, due to a large reduction of greenhouse gas emissions in the electricity sector, electric vehicles were projected to improve from 18% fewer GHG emissions than gasoline cars in 2015 to 36% fewer in 2020. In the United States, annual greenhouse gas emissions from an electric vehicle can range from 8.5 kg in Vermont and 2570.9 kg in Indiana, depending on the sources of electricity on the grid. The cleaner the grid, the cleaner the car.
There can also be a trade-off between addressing climate change and addressing local air pollution. In parts of Pennsylvania where the electricity is supplied by a high share of coal-fired plants, electric vehicles may increase local air pollution even while they lower greenhouse gas emissions. While electric vehicles provide the highest co-benefits for combating both air pollution and climate change across the United States, in specific regions plug-in hybrid vehicles provide greater benefits than both gas-powered and electric vehicles.
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Solar Charging Stations For Electric Vehicles
The combination of solar energy and electric vehicle charging is the key in drastically reducing our dependence on fossil fuels. Electricity comes from a variety of sources and its crucial that electric vehicles will be powered by renewables. Electric cars are becoming immensely popular and coming years we expect nearly anyone who owns a solar energy system will install a solar charging station at its home. For this to happen well need a fundamental change in how we think about refueling our cars and a natural evolution of our energy infrastructure.
Solar Powered Car Design/technology
Solar cars combine technology found in the aerospace, bicycle, alternative energy and automotive industries. The design of a solar powered car is limited by the necessity of getting lots of energy from the sun and storing that energy in batteries. Almost all solar cars ever built have been for the purpose of solar car races.
A French company called Venturi has just finished a newer version of its original Eclectic Concept car from the 2006 Paris Motor Show. This newer version is smaller, slightly more aerodynamic and includes doors on its accessory list.Like its forerunner, there are solar panels attached to the roof that generate power each sunny day and an available 300 watt wind turbine that is good for 8 miles when it’s breezy. The cars top speed is 28 Mph. If youre out of power after sundown on a calm night, you can always plug in the on-board charger. The charger is powered by batteries and can go a distance of 31 miles in five hours.Production of the neighborhood electric vehicle will begin in October of 2009. As many as 3,000 units will be produced each year at a new Venturi factory near Sablé-sur-Sarthe, France. The cars will be priced around $20,700.
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How Much Is A Solar Car
The car is slated to begin production in late 2022, and will be priced at around $6,800. The two cofounders previously worked at Lightyear, a startup making a solar-powered electric car for the luxury market. Lightyears first car will start at around $135,000, though the cost will go down as production increases.
Storing Solar Energy Is Relatively Expensive
Since solar energy can only be collected during the night, it has to be stored, and the only way to store its through the batteries.
These batteries are charged during the day so that it can be used during the night when the sun is not available.
This process is the best solution for using solar energy even if its somehow expensive since you need to have the batteries.
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You Can Power Electric Cars With The Sun And Home Solar Panels
While solar panel car technology remains inefficient and impractical, you can still power your electric car with the sun if you install a solar panel system on your property. If you have an electric vehicle, the electricity needed to charge up at home with an electric vehicle charger can be provided by a solar panel installation.
Solar panels dont just work for powering electric vehicles you can offset your home appliance electricity use with a rooftop or ground-mounted solar installation. The best way to shop for solar is to compare quotes from local installers on the EnergySage Solar Marketplace, where you can receive competitive quotes for a solar installation on your property. If you are interested in powering an electric vehicle as well, you can leave a note in your profile to let installers know that you want to increase the size of your system and cover the expected electricity usage from an EV.
Sono App: Mobility And Energy Services
We offer a variety of services with the Sion, combining innovative mobility with sustainablity. Your smartphone enables you to share your Sion, electricity, or even a ride. The Sono app is also your digital key for the Sion and the window to real-time vehicle data. The Vehicle Connectivity Module controls our vehicle’s data connection, as well as the automatic emergency call service eCall.
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Net Metering Vs Net Billing
If you have net billing, you donât receive a full credit for any excess solar electricity that you send into the grid. Rather than being credited at the retail rate of electricity, you are often only paid the wholesale rate of electricity, which is the rate that power plants charge your utility company for electricity. Under net billing, youâre incentivized to use your solar electricity rather than grid power.
Unfortunately, this means using electricity during the day, rather than morning or evening. But most people with EVs charge their cars in the evening when they get home from work, which means that having net billing is not an ideal situation for an EV owner. If this is your case, one possibility is to minimize your charging during the week and instead try to make it to the weekend so that you can be home to charge your car during daylight hours. However, this may mean stretching the range limit of your car, which can be anxiety-inducing.
A much better situation is to have net metering. If you are under net metering, you get full credit for energy you send into the grid. This eliminates the urgency to use your own solar electricity.
Hyundai Releases Car With Solar Panel Roof
Hyundai has released a version of its Sonata hybrid that has solar panels to help charge its battery.
The Korean car maker said up to 60% of the power for the car’s battery could be supplied if the solar roof was used for six hours a day.
The panels would provide enough power to propel the Sonata for 1,300km a year, it added.
Hyundai said it planned to offer the roof as an optional extra on other models in its range.
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There Are No Energy Costs
Commonly, every other vehicle technology such as gasoline, diesel, or electric cars usually is associated with energy costs.
For example, an electric car will require the owner to spend a few dollars to charge its battery from the power outlet.
On the other hand, gas-powered cars will need the owner to spend some money on the purchase of fossil fuels and biofuels.
But now, when you look at the solar-powered cars, they use solar energy directly from the sunlight, and here, there are no direct costs that are associated with it since the sun is a natural resource that will provide energy every day whether you use it or you do not.